Bagan Lacquerware – How an Artisan Creates a Masterpiece

» Origin of Bagan Lacquerware

Originating from China, the lacquerware has developed thousands of years in almost Southeast Asia countries. In Myanmar, resin is taken from Thit-si tree, which is popular in most of Myanmar forests. The sap of the lacquer tree features a strong adhesive quality and a beautiful shine. For a Bagan travel, the local lacquerware is a one of the best things to do in Bagan to understand more about local life.

bagan lacquerware

Bagan Lacquerware

» Complete Process of Making Bagan Lacquerware

  • Making the Inner parts

It is believed that the origin of the lacquer in Myanmar was from Bagan in 12th -13th century. In the Mingalazedi Pagoda, one of the oldest lacquers was found. The locals use bamboos coming from the forests of the Chin State to make the inner parts of the lacquer ware. After being cut out and softened, bamboos are shaped in different forms such as bowls, dishes, vases, plates and various boxes.

bagan lacquerware inner making

An Artisan is Making the Inner Part of Bagan Lacquerware

  • Lacquering

The first lacquering is covered with “Thayo”- a paste made of resin and mixed ashes. The craftsmen could conduct the work with their bare hands or with fine gloves. The quality of the lacquer is determined by the number of layers coated on the object. Craftsmen used this technique to make the work from generation to generation.

bagan lacquerware lacquering

Then, It Will Be Lacquered

  • Drying

After the application is finished on the mould, then it is compulsory to dry it in wet places. Drying will take about 1 week. The quality of the lacquers will be affected if there is a lack of moisture.

Bagan lacquerware drying

And Dried in a Traditional Drying House

  • Washing

After completing the stage of drying, washing and sandpapering is the next stage which plays a significant role in the quality of the lacquer.

Bagan lacquerware washing

Before polished, Bagan Lacquerware Is Carefully Washed

  • Polishing

The layers of the lacquer are carried out evenly and continuously. Each time when a layer is finished, one may polish the surface with a fine fabric.

Bagan lacquerware polishing

Of Course, They Are Polishing Their Product

  • 7 layers of Lacquering

At the last layer of the lacquer, one will paint it with different colors such as red, green, blue or yellow. If the lacquer is mixed with the powder of mercury cinnabar, the color will be obtained. This mixture is called Hinthabada.

bagan lacquerware 4

And then Make Different Colours for the Masterpiece of Bagan Lacquerware

  • Decoration

The last stage for a complete lacquer is decorating. Craftsmen use their bare hands, without model to engrave the work. Both small objects such as utensils of crockery and pieces of furniture such as cupboards, tables are ornamented with beautiful colors.

Bagan lacquerware decoration

But, They Really Become Complete Masterpiece after Decorated by Skilful Hands

Have a look at our Bagan Travel Guide about Where to Buy Lacquerware in Bagan
Or continue reading Things to Buy in Myanmar for more choices

» To be noted that, the article is only for the purpose of the suggestions. We do not support in purchasing and shipping the procducts. If you want to know more about the process, why take one of our amazing Bagan Tours to satisfy your curiosity

Comments (5)

  1. Aye Chan May says:

    ယြန္​းထည္​ပစၥည္​းမ်ားရဲ႕အမည္​ကို အဂၤလိပ္​လိုသိခ်င္​ပါတယ္​႐ွင္​့
    ဆြမ္​းအုပ္​ ကြမ္​းအစ္​ ဟင္​းထည္​့ပုဂံလံုး အဲ့လိုမ်ိဳးပစၥည္​း​ေလး​ေတကိုသိခ်င္​တာပါ႐ွင္​့ ​

  2. Gaynor Comley says:

    We visited a beautiful lacquer showroom, workroom and shop in New Bagan recently and I would like to order from them, It had a beautiful palm lined entrance way and was in a backstreet opposite a hotel. Could you put me in touch with them for buying please?

  3. Marcelo Farrulla de Araujo says:

    I’d like to learn about the process, prices and sipping method to the United States, please.

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